Ask Steve: Drugs

Ask Steve: Drugs



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Through his Ask Steve video, Steve Gillon explains the reasons for the increasing drug use among young people in the 1960's. This new generation tried to define themselves through music, sex, and drug use. So many young people in the 1960's experimented with drugs because of the desire to drive their parents crazy, and to try to define themselves differently than their parent's generation. These young people were also getting permission to experiment with drugs from authority figures. For example, psychologist Timothy Leary told young people to "Tune in, turn on, and drop out", and urged them to try LSD. In 1966, about 1 million young people had experimented with LSD. However, the drug of choice was marijuana, with about 30% of young people having experimented with it by the end of the decade. Although these young people experimented with drugs, most of the drugs done in the 1960's were prescribed drugs and taken by this generation's parents. Thus, this generation was not that much different from their parents after all.


The medication history

There are several reasons for taking an accurate medication history [2]:

A knowledge of the drugs a patient has taken in the past or is currently taking and of the responses to those drugs will help in planning future treatment.

Drug effects should always be on the list of differential diagnoses, since drugs can cause illness or disease, either directly or as a result of an interaction.

Drugs can mask clinical signs. For example, β-adrenoceptor antagonists can prevent tachycardia in a patient with haemorrhage, and corticosteroids can prevent abdominal pain and rigidity in a patient with a perforated duodenal ulcer.

Drugs can alter the results of investigations. For example, amiodarone alters thyroid function tests.

To take the opportunity to educate the patient about their medications.

To help avoid preventable errors in prescribing, since an inaccurate history on admission to hospital may lead to unwanted duplication of drugs, drug interactions, discontinuation of long-term medications, and failure to detect drug-related problems [3].

Other aspects of the medical history and examination may also be important in preventing a prescribing fault. For example, a history of chronic renal insufficiency will highlight the need for caution when introducing an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor. Furthermore, the effects of some drugs can be detected by examination, such as the beneficial effect of salbutamol on the peak expiratory flow rate or the adverse effects of phenytoin on the central nervous system (nystagmus and ataxia).

Errors are more common on admission to hospital for many reasons: patients often are not able to report their drug history accurately and may not bring either the drugs themselves or even a recent list of medications with them [3𠄵]. A drug prescribed in error will often not be checked until a pharmacist reviews the patient's prescription, which may not be for up to 72 h after admission. Clearly, therefore, the medication history must be accurate at the time of admission and should be checked at the earliest opportunity during a patient's hospital stay.

The medication history should not simply be a list of a patient's drugs and dosages. Other information, such as adherence to therapy and previous hypersensitivity reactions and adverse effects, should be noted and should be compared with the patient's general practitioner (GP) records or previous prescription history in their hospital case notes. Adverse drug reactions are often poorly recorded of 117 patients, 50 had had a total of 81 previous adverse reactions, but only 75% were recorded on medication charts and 57% and 64% in the medical and nursing notes, respectively [6].

Herbal remedies are infrequently recorded but may be important causes of morbidity. Constable et al. described a 77-year-old woman taking lansoprazole in whom induction of CYP2C19 by St John's wort (reducing the effect of lansoprazole) plus inhibition of platelet aggregation by ginseng led to upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage [7]. Neither of these herbal medications was listed on the admission drug history, but they were both important in the presentation and had implications for the prevention of further episodes. In an audit conducted by the same authors, only one person out of 24 taking herbal medications had this documented in the case notes.

Indeed, all forms of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are poorly recorded. In one study, 59 of 101 patients used 129 forms of CAM in the month before admission, but only 36 were documented in the medical records [8].

The details that should be elicited in a good medication history are described below.

History from the patient

When taking the history from the patient use the words ‘medicines’ or ‘medications’, rather than 𠆍rugs’, which may be mistaken for drugs of abuse or recreational drugs. Elicit the following information:

Current prescribed drugs, formulations (e.g. modified-release tablets), doses, routes of administration (e.g. oral, transdermal, by inhalation), frequencies, duration of treatment.

Other medications (e.g. over-the-counter drugs and herbal or natural remedies, such as vitamins and glucosamine).

Drugs that have been taken in the recent past (important for drugs with long half-lives, such as amiodarone).

Previous drug hypersensitivity reactions, their nature and time course (e.g. a rash, anaphylaxis).

Previous adverse drug reactions, their nature and time course (e.g. nausea with erythromycin, peripheral oedema with amlodipine).

Adherence to therapy (e.g. 𠆊re you taking your medication regularly?’), recognizing that the information may be inaccurate.

History from the GP or community pharmacist

Up-to-date list of medications.

Previous adverse drug reactions.

Last order dates for each medication.

History from case notes

Previous adverse drug reactions.

Inspection

Drugs and their containers (for example, packs, bottles, vials) should be inspected for name, dosage, and the number of dosage forms taken since dispensed it is often possible to identify a medicine by inspecting the formulation.


Steve Earle: 'My wife left me for a younger, skinnier, less talented singer'

After seven marriages and a near fatal heroin habit, the great singer-songwriter is now single, sober and interested only in caring for his autistic son. He talks about death threats, blowing $1,000 a day on drugs – and being an incorrigible romantic

‘I finally have a reason to get up in the morning’ … Steve Earle comes to terms with loss on his new album So You Wanna Be an Outlaw. Photograph: David Levene/The Guardian

‘I finally have a reason to get up in the morning’ … Steve Earle comes to terms with loss on his new album So You Wanna Be an Outlaw. Photograph: David Levene/The Guardian

Last modified on Sat 25 Nov 2017 02.51 GMT

S teve Earle has never been so busy. The 62-year-old is a singer-songwriter, actor, playwright, novelist, memoirist, political activist – and we’ve not even got to the heart of the matter yet. “Autism is the centre of my life, apart from recovery. They are the two things that control my life.”

Earle has never been one for beating around the bush. Seven years ago, his then wife, the country star Allison Moorer, gave birth to their son. John Henry is autistic and largely non-verbal. He loves playing the drums, has a passion for water, and is not easily controllable. Earle and Moorer split up five years ago. She was wife number six (he has been married seven times, as he married Lou-Anne Gill, with whom he had the second of his three sons, twice), and probably the love of his life. As for the recovery, there doesn’t appear to be a drug that Earle has not had a problem with – heroin, cocaine, LSD, you name it. He has been clean for 22 years but, as he says, he has to work hard at it.

Earle is one of the great singer-songwriters of the past four decades. He is a master of country, rock and country-rock. His voice is both gruff and tender (Tom Waits meets Hank Williams), his tunes gorgeous (impossible to know where to start, but My Old Friend the Blues is as good a place as any) and his lyrics novelistic.

Despite the bravado of its title, Earle’s new album, So You Wanna Be an Outlaw, is one of his most tender yet. It is about love and loss and another form of recovery. This Is How it Ends is a duet with country star Miranda Lambert, reminiscent of Dolly Parton and Porter Wagoner in their prime. Its message might be bleak, but the song is uplifting. Three years on from their divorce, you sense he is still coming to terms with separating from Moorer.

Earle looks like an ageing Hells Angel – long straggly grey beard, waistcoat, T-shirt, jeans, tattoos. All that’s missing is the Harley. I’ve never met somebody so Texan. Syllables merge into one and consonants are dispensed with entirely, so the word “centre” becomes “sinner”. Nor have I met somebody with so many stories. “I know a little about a lot,” he says. It’s not quite true. He knows a lot about a lot.

He was with Moorer for eight years – his longest marriage. They lived and toured and gigged together. He would introduce her on stage with the love song he wrote for her, Sparkle and Shine (“My baby sparkle and shine / And I can’t believe she’s mine”). I ask if the songs on the new album are about her. “Some are, some aren’t. They all draw on that relationship. This isn’t the first time I’ve gotten dumped. And I’ve left people too, which has its own set of lows and guilts. This record is more about coming to terms with loss.”

Is he planning on an eighth marriage, and seventh Mrs Earle? He shakes his head. “Erm, no. I dodged a bullet recently.” Long pause. “There are women. But I like sitting where I want to in the movies and when you go to the theatre at the last minute you can get a really good seat if you’re looking for a single. If I go to a baseball game I can stay for the whole thing.” You’re enjoying being single? “I actually am. Being single in New York City doesn’t suck. I’m lonely sometimes, but I’m on the road half the time and that’s pretty lonely anyway.”

He and Moorer moved to New York soon after they got together. They have stayed there because Earle believes that is where John Henry will receive the best schooling. He says it has been a source of conflict with Moorer. “She resents being in New York. She wants to leave New York and thinks I’m trying to control her life. I’m not. I just don’t want John Henry to leave New York.”

Did his son’s autism contribute to their split? “I think it was the straw that broke the camel’s back, but I think she was going to leave me anyway. She traded me in for a younger, skinnier, less talented singer-songwriter.”

It is astonishing that Earle is still alive, never mind producing such great music. In the early 90s he looked as if he was on his way out. After the success of early albums such as Guitar Town and Copperhead Road in the late 1980s, he did not write a song for four years. During that time, he lost virtually everything. Bikes, cars, guitars, jewellery – they all went to feed his habit. “I sold them to buy heroin. I lost everything but my house. The house in Tennessee I still own, though I don’t know how. I guess it’s because I couldn’t figure out how to put it in the car and take it to the pawn shop.” But the house had no electricity and was uninhabitable. “I was homeless essentially for two years, living on the street.”

He was spending between $500 and $1,000 a day on drugs. “In the end I just gave up on heroin because I wasn’t getting that high so I went on the methadone programme and started smoking cocaine. I hate cocaine, I prefer heroin and opiates, but it was like being a monkey and you just conditioned yourself to push the button. You don’t care whether you get a shot or a banana peel, you just want something to happen to change the way you feel.” In 1994 he was sentenced to a year in jail for weapons and drugs possession, serving 60 days.

Earle says all this seems far away in one way. But in another it doesn’t. He is writing his autobiography so he is having to revisit the darkest days. The memoir-writing is boring, he says – he prefers writing when he doesn’t know what is going to happen. As for recovery, that is a daily battle – yoga and gym every day, the 12-step programme wherever he is in the world.

He says that John Henry has given him a renewed sense of purpose. “I know why I get up in the morning now: to figure out a way to make sure he’s going to be alright when I’m gone. That’s my job. That’s what I do.”

Sparkle and shine … Earle onstage with Allison Moorer in 2011. Photograph: Tim Mosenfelder/Getty Images

Ideally, he’d like to tour less. But he can’t because that’s how he makes his money. Anyway, he loves being with his band, the Dukes. “I think everybody’s proud of being in this band. It’s like being a Hells Angel. We’re kinda badasses. It’s a really, really fuckin’ good band and the way we tour is hardcore – four shows in a row then a night off at best.” Only one other band member is clean, he says, and the others tend not to socialise with Earle because they find him so dull now he’s sober.

They might find him dull, but in his two decades of sobriety his work has been fascinating. Earle might be better known to some these days through his acting than his music. I tell him I loved him as Walon in The Wire. He smiles. “Thanks. It was a great thing to be part of. That didn’t require any acting: I was playing a redneck recovering addict.”

In 2011 he published a novel, I’ll Never Get Out of This World Alive, about a doctor who performs illegal abortions and is haunted by the ghost of Hank Williams. His 2005 play Karla was about convicted murderer Karla Faye Tucker, the first woman to be executed in Texas since the Civil War.

Earle does not so much sympathise with the underdog as with the despised. In 2002 he caused a stink when he recorded a beautiful song called John Walker’s Blues. The controversy wasn’t simply that it was about jailed US Muslim convert and Taliban sympathiser John Walker Lindh, it was that Earle sang in the first person. That’s a brave thing to do, I say. “I guess so. I told Elvis Costello when I’d just got the idea for it and the chorus was ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ and he said: ‘You’re out of your mind, don’t do that’.”

Earle received death threats because of the song. Did people assume he was a Taliban sympathiser? “Some did. But a lot of them were people who never even heard the song because I’m a pretty obscure artist when you look at the big picture.”

Why did he want to write it? “Because I saw a 20-year-old underfed kid Duct-Taped to a board and he was exactly the same age as my oldest son Justin [Justin Townes Earle, now a successful musician in his own right], which means that kid has been in prison now 15 years.” Did he empathise with him? “I empathised with him as a parent.”

Earle says people have assumed that when he sang in character it was his personal view, even when he was satirising it. He cites Johnny Come Lately, about a blowhard American soldier. “Joe Strummer said ‘You’ve got a lot of balls singing that song in [the UK]’ and he just didn’t understand what that song was about – he thought it was this arrogant claim to have bailed the Brits out. The character believed that, but the character’s not me, and it’s making fun of people who believe that.”

Not that Earle has ever needed encouragement to say what he thinks. A keen Arsenal fan, he pulls a face when I mention I support Manchester City. “I dislike Man City because it is Oasis’s club. Noel Gallagher is the most overrated songwriter in the whole history of pop music. They were perfect for the Brit press because they behaved badly and got all the attention. Blur were really great. That guy Damon Albarn is a real fuckin’ songwriter.”

What does he think of today’s country music? “The best stuff coming out of Nashville is all by women except for Chris Stapleton. He’s great. The guys just wanna sing about getting fucked up. They’re just doing hip-hop for people who are afraid of black people. I like the new Kendrick Lamar record, so I’ll just listen to that.”

As for politics, Earle, a life-long socialist, says vice-president Mike Pence worries him more than Donald Trump. “I don’t think Trump will complete the term. I think he’ll probably quit. Trump really is fascist. If you look at what he’s trying to do . pulling out of the Paris accord is embarrassing. I feel ashamed of America.” Can he understand why people voted for Trump? “Sure. And maybe that’s one of the things we need to examine from my side because we’re responsible too. The left has lost touch with American people, and it’s time to discuss that.”

When Earle talks politics it is not cynicism that comes through but idealism. Likewise when he talks about the many women in his life. I’ve often wondered whether he’s a rash man who has made a lot of bad decisions in his personal life or an incorrigible romantic. He smiles, and says it’s definitely the latter. He mentions his mother and father. “My parents were married until my father passed away, seven or eight years ago. That’s all it’s about. She was 18, he was 19 when they married.” And he’s simply tried to emulate his parents – seven times and counting. “I am a romantic. Absolutely. Unapologetically. To me politics is about romance. If I thought politics was about the way things are I wouldn’t fucking bother, I wouldn’t read a newspaper, I wouldn’t go out of the house. My involvement in politics is about the way the world should be, not the way the world is.”

Steve Earle & the Dukes’ So You Wanna Be an Outlaw is out on Warner Bros on 16 June.


'OVERWHELMING DESPAIR'

Carrie went on to say that four days before the one-year anniversary of her niece's death, Steve took his own life.

She wrote that a few weeks prior to his death, he seemed to be doing well.

Carrie wrote: "A few weeks ago Steve was optimistic. He said he had been getting along with Elizabeth, he was working on an app to help soldiers with PTSD, he was angry about the virus and how the LA mayor had handled everything. Nothing seemed unsurmountable.

"But I know from my own experience moments of despair can become overwhelming."

Carrie also wrote that Steve knew the dead billionaire paedo Jeffrrey Epstein and that Allexanne had persuaded him to report any information he to police.

She wrote: "Steve also knew Jeffrey Epstein. They weren’t close and Steve didn’t 'hang out' with him but a little over a year ago Allexanne convinced Steve to make a statement via his attorneys telling what he did know.

"Allexanne was a staunch advocate for victims of the sex trade and felt any information, no matter how insignificant it may seem, could prove to be useful. That’s it. No big mystery or conspiracy here."

On Tuesday, the Los Angeles County Medical Examiner-Coroner’s Office said the death was the result of multiple blunt trauma by suicide.

Bing was best known as an investor in films including The Polar Express and Beowulf, and he was also credited as a producer in Sylvester Stallone remake Get Carter.

He dropped out of Stanford University aged 18 after receiving a $600million inheritance from a real estate developer grandfather, and went on to co-found media company Shangri-La Entertainment.

YOU'RE NOT ALONE

EVERY 90 minutes in the UK a life is lost to suicide.

It doesn't discriminate, touching the lives of people in every corner of society - from the homeless and unemployed to builders and doctors, reality stars and footballers.

It's the biggest killer of people under the age of 35, more deadly than cancer and car crashes.

Yet it's rarely spoken of, a taboo that threatens to continue its deadly rampage unless we all stop and take notice, now.

The aim is that by sharing practical advice, raising awareness and breaking down the barriers people face when talking about their mental health, we can all do our bit to help save lives.

Let's all vow to ask for help when we need it, and listen out for others. You're Not Alone.

If you, or anyone you know, needs help dealing with mental health problems, the following organisations provide support:

  • CALM, www.thecalmzone.net, 0800 585 858
  • Heads Together, www.headstogether.org.uk
  • Mind, www.mind.org.uk, 0300 123 3393
  • Papyrus, www.papyrus-uk.org, 0800 068 41 41
  • Samaritans, www.samaritans.org, 116 123

Steve, who dated British model Liz Hurley in 2001, is survived by their son Damian as well as daughter Kira Bonder, who he had with former tennis star Lisa Bonder.

In a loving post to her Instagram account British actress Liz wrote: "I am saddened beyond belief that my ex Steve is no longer with us.

"It is a terrible end. Our time together was very happy and I'm posting these pictures because although we went through some tough times, it's the good, wonderful memories of a sweet, kind man that matter.

"In the past year, we had become close again. We last spoke on our son's 18th birthday.

"This is devastating news and I thank everyone for their lovely messages".


In "The One With The Stoned Guy", Phoebe introduces Monica to Steve, one of her massage clients, because he is a restaurateur looking for a new chef. Monica prepares a gourmet meal for him, but when he shows up, Phoebe reveals that he lit up a joint on the ride over and is now stoned. Steve acts like a fool, attempting to eat taco shells from Monica's cupboard and spilling gummy bears into a bowl and then tells Monica to call 911. Eventually, he tries to eat a kitchen magnet and Monica is forced to take him to the emergency room, where she leaves him.

Steve does not appear again until the Season 9 episode "The One With The Blind Dates", where Phoebe deliberately sets Rachel up on a bad blind date with him in hopes that she will get back together with Ross. On the date, Steve reveals that he lost his restaurant to drugs and now sells silk screens t-shirts. He also shares a studio apartment with two other guys and believes himself to be infertile.


That Time Steve-O and Mike Tyson Did Coke in a Bathroom and Thought They Solved Racism

Chances are Steve "Steve-O" Glover made you laugh. Sure, the stunts were ludicrous, the humor the very lowest of brow. But it was funny. Until, very suddenly and very frighteningly, it wasn't. Steve-O, whoɽ been heavy into drugs and booze, got heavier into both. PCP, ketamine, nitrous. He vandalized his own apartment. He sent an e-mail to friends and family saying he was ready to die, that he was going to pull one more stunt, jumping 25 feet onto concrete. His friends, led by Johnny Knoxville, intervened, taking him to the hospital, where, finally, he got sober.

Now, he's been sober for eight years, and he's back doing comedy, most recently in a special for Showtime called Steve-O: Guilty as Charged, airing at 10:00 P.M. EST on Friday, March 18. Steve-O's still there, doing stunts for cheap laughs. But he's trying to do stand-up, too (and has been for years), changing his humor shtick the way he's changed his life: becoming vegan, meditating regularly, staying sober. We called him last Thursday—coincidentally, the anniversary of his first day sober—and found an honest, introspective Steve-O, talking with that same raspy voice that came to fame on shaky, amateur Jackass videos. He told us about the time he did coke with Mike Tyson for three hours in a Hollywood Hills bathroom, the times it got really dark (snorting his drug dealer's dried blood), and what he's learned in all his years flirting with death and destruction.

So you’re doing stand-up now. Is that a conscious effort to get away from being Steve-O, the crazy stunt guy?
It’s a leap from being known as Jackass dude to an established stand-up comedian. In one sense, it’s such a humongous advantage to have a built-in audience and people who are interested in what you’re going to talk about. In another sense, it’s a little bit of an uphill battle to establish yourself as a comedian when you’re known for breaking bones and shoving stuff up your butt.

But you are still doing some stunts. Like getting shot with 30,000 volts of electricity.
It’s 50,000 volts.

Oh, my god.
I was really, really kind of sweating that, because I am not a fan of electricity. Over the years, with all the stun guns and cattle prods and shock collars, getting electrocuted hurts more than just about anything. I was terrified of five seconds. And then to find out that it was going to be thirty seconds, I had a lot of reservations going into it. But ultimately, if there was a time to do it, that was a great time.

So what won’t you do?
I would not get duct-taped to a mechanical bull. I mean, like, heavily duct-taped to it, because at a certain point, you have to fall off of it, and if you’re attached to it you’re risking spinal-cord injury. And I’ve done my best—no, I guess I haven’t done my best. But I’ve tried somewhat to avoid really risking paralysis and death too much.

I know you started drugs when you were young. Were you always acting out, doing stunts growing up, too?
I was definitely a troubled kid. There’s no way around that. I remember when I was 10 years old and one of my last baby teeth was loose. If you rip it out before it’s ready, then it’s going to bleed a lot. I walked into my Spanish class in fifth grade, and I chose deliberately to sit next to the prettiest girl in the class. Right before the class started, I told her, “I don’t have to be in class today. I can leave whenever I want.” She looked at me like I was crazy. And then the class began, and I just super violently ripped out that tooth. Of course it started bleeding really heavily. I raised my arm and told the teacher that I needed to go to the nurse. She saw that blood and said, “Go, go!” And I stood up, turned to the girl, and said, “I told you so.”

I found a report card from my homeroom teacher in sixth grade. It was so piercing. The comment said, “Steve is so desperate for the approval and affection of his peers that everything he does to try to get that has the opposite effect.” It’s upsetting because I know that’s so true. I did so desperately want the affection and approval.

“There was this house party in the Hollywood Hills. Mike Tyson opened up the door. I said, ‘Hey, is it cool if I come in?’ And he said, ‘You got any coke?’ And I told him, ‘Yeah, dude, I got a bunch.’ And I did. I had like a whole eight ball in one pocket, half an eight ball in the other pocket. So we locked ourselves in this bathroom.”

Aren’t you still doing that to some extent, though? Acting out?
For sure. I think it’s a quest for validation. It doesn’t matter how you slice it. It’s still a super scary way to live. I have no doubt that when my happiness and my security is based on my value as a commodity in the world of entertainment, when my identity is tied up in the persona of Steve-O, it’s a depressing proposition to look at the rest of my life.

Then why do you keep doing this?
It’s such a simple answer. The reason I did it when I was a kid, the reason I do everything I do now, straight up, is I’m an attention whore. It’s that simple.

You are a man who must have some wild stories.
I have so many fucking crazy Mike Tyson stories, man.

Listening…
Oh, my God. I’ve done fucking cocaine with Mike Tyson, dude. We spent three hours locked in a bathroom together. There was this house party in the Hollywood Hills. And I remember I was distinctly not invited, but I showed up and rang the doorbell. Mike Tyson opened up the door. I said, “Hey, is it cool if I come in?” And he said, “You got any coke?” And I told him, “Yeah, dude, I got a bunch.” And I did. I had like a whole eight ball in one pocket, half an eight ball in the other pocket.

Wow.
Yeah, I was packing. So we locked ourselves in this bathroom. So there we are, and he asked me for a cigarette while I was chopping up a bunch of blow on the counter. He rolled it back and forth between his fingers and all the tobacco fell out, and he kept doing it until nothing was left except a tube of paper connected to the cylinder. And he turned it right side up and started scooping cocaine into it, like pure cocaine. Nothing but. And I’m fascinated. I’m thinking that can’t work. It boiled down to the most fucking gripping science-fair project ever. He filled it until it was fucking full as fuck. And he made it work, man. He sat there and smoked the whole deal.

What did you guys talk about?
At that time in my life, I would develop Tourette’s syndrome if I was fucked up enough, just blurting out inappropriate shit. So I said to him, my exact words, “You know, Mike, I don’t have a racist bone in my body, but I like to consider myself a n----r.” [laughs] I’ll never forget, he said, “You ask me, the definition of that word is anybody who uses it.” And I was like, “Damn! Iron Mike, deep as fuck!” And so we’re talking about the finer points of racism in America or whatever, just sort of philosophizing about how to make the world a better place, and it was just fucking incredible, man. The last thing he said to me was, “You know, Steve, everybody’s got you wrong. You’re actually really smart.” And the next time I spent real time with Mike Tyson, one-on-one conversing, was when we were locked up in the psychiatric ward together.

Wait. In the psych ward? What?
I was talking him into holding out his fist with his elbow locked and letting me run into it with my face to try to give myself a black eye. I was trying to talk him into filming that with me when we got out. But I couldn’t talk him into it. So then I got my nose broken on the set of Jackass 3D. I went to a nose doctor and was going to make the movie pay for it, but it had been two months, and the doctor said, “Your nose has already healed this way, and if you want me to fix it, I’m going to have to rebreak it with a chisel.” And I’m like, “Oh, never mind.”

Then came the Comedy Central Roast with Charlie Sheen, and we talked Mike into doing the thing and holding his fist out, and I dove into Mike Tyson’s fist and landed on it with nothing but my nose. Super broke my nose. Like, really crazy broke it. And then this guy comes out of the crowd, running up towards the stage at the end of the show, and he says, “Steve-O, your nose needs to be set right now. I’m a kung fu instructor, and I know what I’m doing.” So I let this kung fu asshole set my nose on the spot, and it just turned out that he did a fucking magnificent job. He basically fixed my nose perfect. Everything I was hoping to get that [doctor] dude to do, I got done by Mike Tyson and a fucking kung fu weirdo.


Steve Jobs' LSD habit, why he indulged in Marijuana, and his 1975 arrest

It's hardly a secret that Steve Jobs used to indulge in some recreational drug use back in the day. Indeed, Jobs once said that taking LSD was one of the "two or three most important things" he ever did in his life. A bold statement, to be sure, but Jobs credits his LSD experiences with opening up his mind and enabling him to see the world in a different light.

And now, thanks to recently released documents from the Department of Defense, we have a little bit more information about Jobs' proclivity for those eye-opening drugs he unabashedly credits for helping spark the creative within. The documents in question were handed over to Wired pursuant to a Freedom of Information Act request and there are a few interesting talking points.

During the late 80's, when Jobs had been excommunicated from Apple and was running things at Pixar, he underwent a top secret security clearance check.

. according to Walter Isaacson’s biography of Jobs, the Pixar clearance was required because of contracts Pixar signed with intelligence agencies to use its Pixar Image Computer for rendering information from reconnaissance flights and satellites.

As part of the clearance check, Jobs was asked how he might fall prey to blackmail, to which he responded that someone could kidnap his daughter in an attempt to blackmail him, but such an attempt would presumably be done for money and not any top secret information at Jobs' disposal..

With respect to his drug use, Jobs explained that he used LSD from 1972 through 1974.

"Throughout that period of time I used the LSD approximately ten to fifteen times," Jobs said. "I would ingest the LSD on a sugar cube or in a hard form of gelatin. I would usually take the LSD when I was by myself. I have no words to explain the effect the LSD had on me, although, I can say it was a positive life changing experience for me and I am glad I went through that experience.”

But LSD wasn't the only drug that Jobs had an affinity for way back when - it was the 70's after all.

Specifically, Jobs was also no stranger to smoking both marijuana and hashish, explaining that he used to smoke it with friends and even used to eat pot brownies. During the course of his DoD interview, Jobs said that the last time he got high was in 1977. Explaining the impetus behind his marijuana usage, Jobs said that it helped him relax and made him more creative.

All told, Jobs said that he used drugs anywhere from once a week to once a month during that time period.

Jobs also touched upon his days as a phone phreaker where he would make long-distance calls for free.

“The challenge," said Jobs, "was not that I could make long distance phone calls for free, but to be able to put a device together that could accomplish that task, I did not make a profit from what I considered this to really be a ‘project.’ At the age of approximately fourteen, it was a technical challenge, not a challenge to be able to break the law.”

You might recall the famous story, recounted by Jobs, of how he and Woz once called the Vatican and tried to get the Pope on the line.

With Wozniak doing his best imitation of Henry Kissinger, Jobs said, "We got the number of the Vatican and called the pope."

Their call went through, and the request from the man claiming to be the U.S. secretary of state began making its way through the hierarchy.

"They actually sent someone to wake up the pope," Jobs said, "when finally, we just burst out laughing, and they realized that we weren't Henry Kissinger. So, we never got to talk to the pope. But it was very funny."

Some other tidbits of note from the DoD clearance check.

- Jobs admitted to "previous bouts of depression"

- Jobs attributed his penchant for anger and quick temper to his quest for perfection.

Also, Jobs was apparently arrested in 1975 for failing to pay a speeding ticket, a fact he failed to disclose in his security clearance questionnaire.

Jobs said the arrest occurred in Eugene, Oregon, more than a decade earlier when he was being questioned by police for suspicion of possessing alcohol as a minor. The police discovered there was an outstanding arrest warrant for the unpaid ticket and apparently executed it on the spot. Jobs said he then paid the speeding fine, which was about $50, and that was the end of the matter. But he didn't consider it a real arrest that needed to be reported.

Interesting stuff, but it still doesn't top Bill Gates' famous arrest and subsequent mugshot.

In any event, this isn't the first time we've come across a governmental background check on Jobs. A few months ago we reported on details contained within an FBI background check done on Jobs in the early 90s.


7 Stevie Nicks

The Queen of Rock and the frontwoman of Fleetwood Mac is no stranger to addiction. Nicks stated in an interview with writer Brian Hiatt that early life in the band was &ldquodangerous.&rdquo The amount of cocaine being consumed was very much out of control. Nick&rsquos nine-year dependence on the drug would have eventually killed her had she not heeded the warning from a doctor in 1986 that her drug use had burned a hole in her nose and that any more cocaine would most likely be fatal. Her close friend Tom Petty told Rolling Stone, &ldquoI was very worried about her. To the point that if the phone did ring, and they said, &lsquoStevie died,&rsquo I wouldn&rsquot have been surprised.&rdquo [4]

Nicks&rsquos treatment for cocaine addiction was only a prelude to a far more debilitating addiction to Klonopin in the late 1980s and early 1990s, prescribed by another doctor to keep the singer off cocaine. Nicks recounts that rehabilitation from the Klonopin addiction was far worse than cocaine: Her hair fell out, and her skin would peel off.


Steve Coogan: 'It took me a long time to face up to my addiction'

M y career as an impressionist started early. From the age of five or six, I used to imitate the sound of car wheels screeching – sometimes too effectively: Mum was always telling Dad off for driving too fast, and on occasion she would do this when he was driving at a reasonable speed, because of me.

From a very early age, I had a great memory for voices, a good ear. I would borrow my older brother’s cassette player, balance the microphone on a cushion in front of the TV and record my favourite shows, like Fawlty Towers and Ripping Yarns. I would listen back time and again. Slowly and meticulously, I learned to do all the voices. I was called upon regularly to bring to life some aspect of the previous night’s TV for a friend of my mum’s or sister’s. “Stephen, did you see the show?”

I was more self-conscious around my dad. Mum was calmer, more tolerant. But as soon as Dad came into the room, I’d stop goofing around. He wasn’t big on praise. He thought criticism was a great way to learn. I have, to some degree, inherited it as a character trait, and I hate it. I’ve had to learn to recognise it and try to be effusive when I love something, rather than overly critical.

This month, Steve Coogan publishes his memoir, Easily Distracted. Here, he interviews himself about sex, drugs and creating Alan Partridge. Guardian

I am a product of my Catholic upbringing, my Irish roots, my lower-middle-class background. Of the north, of suburbia, of the grammar school system and the television generation. I’m the fourth of six children, five of whom are boys. Our house was a colourful, noisy environment. Quiet contemplation was saved for church on a Sunday.

‘Me, aged 12, in a Terylene blazer.’ Photograph courtesy of Steve Coogan and family

When I was a teenager, my parents fostered a series of kids because they took the view that, if you can look after yourself, then you should look after others less fortunate. Mum and Dad came from working-class backgrounds, but were socially mobile, aspirant. Education was the way to a better future knowledge was something to be acquired and appreciated. My dad decided to buy the Encyclopedia Britannica, which meant that knowledge could be accessed without a trip to the library. My parents brought us up to be respectable, to be kind to people, to take personal pride by contributing to society in a traditional way.

As it turned out, I’ve made my living by goofing around in exactly the way my dad disapproved of. My stupidity became my raison d’être. I discovered I could mock myself through my characters and that as long as I was the architect, playing the fool gave me a certain sophistication. I was playing a trick on everyone: by being profoundly uncool, I ended up being the coolest person in the room.

When I told my English teacher I wanted to go to drama school, he shook his head. “That’s a shame,” he said. “If you’d got into Cambridge, you could have joined Footlights and you’d have been away.” Every time drama school was mentioned at school or at home, there would be a puffing out of air and a slumping of shoulders. The implication was clear: it wasn’t going to happen for me.

I auditioned for all the London drama schools and was knocked back by every one, apart from Rada, who offered me a recall.

My A-level results were disappointing. I hadn’t put in the work and so I decided to do resits. Meanwhile I signed on and, during a visit to the jobcentre, noticed a simple card: “Actor/actress required.” I went to meet Andrew Mulligan, director of a new regional theatre company. He asked me to join and I left school, abandoning the resits. We put on straightforward adaptations of plays, including CP Taylor’s The Magic Island, about a bloke who lives in a cave. We took it around schools and showed it to six- and seven-year-olds, who laughed at me playing the bogeyman.

Andy helped me prepare for my audition at Manchester Poly, where I’d applied to do a diploma in theatre. I hadn’t thought carefully enough about my earlier auditions I’d been too vague about why I wanted to go to drama school.

Andy knew I had to stand out. He suggested starting with two standard speeches – typically Shakespeare, followed by a modern piece – and ending with Duncan Thickett doing a bad audition. Duncan was, at this stage, a nascent character, a little voice that had started out in my head and grown into an inadequate fool. I used to do him in rehearsals to make Andy laugh. He was, I suppose, my first foray into the comedy of embarrassment.

At the audition, I read from Shakespeare’s Pericles in a cockney accent, standing on a chair like a market trader, followed by a speech from Arnold Wesker’s Chips With Everything. Then I left the room, knocked on the door as Duncan and asked if I had come to the right place for my audition. I walked back in with my papers and dropped them all over the floor. I kept saying, in a ridiculously overconfident way, “I just want you all to relax and enjoy my audition.” The panel was crying with laughter and they offered me a place on the spot. Flushed with excitement, I went home and told my mum.

But I still had the Rada recall to come. Again I did the formal pieces followed by the Duncan Thickett routine, curious to know how they would respond. I remember they sat rather formally in a line, looking at me with poker faces. I wasn’t surprised not to be offered a place. I got a rejection letter that said something along the lines of, “You made the final 100, but you didn’t make the final 30. You’re quite good, but you’re not good enough.” My dad was so impressed, he framed it.

The high of being offered a place at Manchester Poly did not, inevitably, last. I went, and still felt out of place. I tried to be enthusiastic, even signing up for yoga and buying special blue tights. But there was no escaping the fact that the southerners who got on to the theatre course with me were fellow London drama-school rejects who had more confidence than talent.

The teachers were pretentious and kept trying to make me perform Brecht even when I made it clear I wasn’t interested. Most of the other students had a pompous love of theatre that left me cold. They read all the books on the syllabus I read none.

Despite the tutors’ persistent negativity, I was performing or getting paid work nearly the whole time I was there, as both a standup comedian and a voiceover artist for local radio ads. Although I had got on to the course on the basis of my impressions, I was then widely regarded as being lowbrow for doing voiceovers for Yorkshire Bank.


Steve King

Steven Arnold King (born May 28, 1949) is an American politician and businessman who served as the U.S. Representative for Iowa's 4th congressional district from 2003 to 2021. A member of the Republican Party, he represented Iowa's 5th congressional district until redistricting.

Born in 1949 in Storm Lake, Iowa, King attended Northwest Missouri State University from 1967 to 1970. He founded a construction company in 1975 and worked in business and environmental study before seeking the Republican nomination for a seat in the Iowa Senate in 1996. He won the primary and the general election, and was reelected in 2000. In 2002 King was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Iowa's 5th congressional district after the incumbent, Tom Latham, was reassigned to the 4th district after redistricting. He was reelected four times before the 2010 United States Census removed the 5th district and placed King in the 4th, which he represented from 2013.

King is an opponent of immigration and multiculturalism, and has a long history of racist and anti-immigrant rhetoric and white-nationalist affiliations. [1] [2] [3] The Washington Post described King as "the Congressman most openly affiliated with white nationalism." [1] King has been criticized for alleged affiliation with white supremacist ideas, [4] and has made controversial statements against immigrants, [5] [6] [7] and supported European right-wing populist and far-right politicians accused of racism and Islamophobia. [8]

For much of King's congressional tenure, Republican politicians and officials were silent about his rhetoric, and frequently sought his endorsement and campaigned with him because of his popularity with northwest Iowa's conservative voters. [3] [9] Shortly before the 2018 election, the National Republican Congressional Committee withdrew funding for King's reelection campaign and its chairman, Steve Stivers, condemned King's conduct, although Iowa's Republican senators and governor continued to endorse him. [9] [10] King was reelected, but after a January 2019 interview in which he questioned the negative connotations of the terms "white nationalist" and "white supremacy", [11] he was widely condemned by both parties, the media and public figures, and the Republican Steering Committee removed him from all House committee assignments. [12] King ran for reelection but, campaign funding and support having declined, lost the June 2020 Republican primary to Randy Feenstra by 10 points. [13] [14]


Watch the video: Ask Steve: Theyre Lying, Drunk or Married!