Mexican archaeologists have found the 2,300-year-old palace complex in the Oaxaca Valley, being the oldest royal building excavated so far in the region and that provides important evidence about the appearance of the first states in Mesoamerica.
This is why the discovery of remains of these structures is very useful for researchers, who seek to understand the archaic period of state formation in different parts of the world.
It has always been believed that one of the oldest archaic states in Mesoamerica has emerged in Oaxaca and the discovery of this palace supports this idea.
Archaeologists have been doing work on the archaeological site of El Palenque since 1993, carrying out intensive mapping, surface collections and different excavations. On the north side of the Plaza de El Palenque, the researchers found a palace complex more than 2,000 square meters in size.
In turn, they also carried out radiocarbon dating to find out when it was built and inhabited, using charcoal samples found on the site, many of them embedded in the palace walls, showing that the construction dates back to between 300 BC. and 100 BC, later confirmed by the analysis carried out on ceramic remains found at the site.
Archaeologists have stated that «At 2,300 years old, this multifunctional palace is the oldest to be found in the Oaxaca Valley to date, and is a key indicator that a state society emerged at that time.«.
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