Biography of Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Biography of Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Fyodor Dostoyevsky He was born on November 11, 1821 in Moscow. In 1838 he moved with his brother to Saint Petersburg to enter the Academy of Military Engineering, where he graduated as a second lieutenant. It was when he began his love of the game, an issue that brought him many problems throughout his life.

In 1839 his father was assassinated by one of his servants and this situation produced a nervous breakdown in the writer, thus developing his first epileptic symptoms. However, the inheritance left by his father helped him to abandon his career in the army and dedicate himself to writing.

In 1845 he published the success "Poor people", his first novel.

Dostoevsky was arrested in 1849 for being part of a liberal group called the Petrashevsky Circle. He was accused of conspiring against the tsar at group meetings. Along with Dostoevsky, several members were sentenced to death. However, at the last minute, the author had his sentence commuted to five years of forced labor in Siberia.

After his sentence, Dostoyevsky founded the magazine “Tiempo” together with his brother in 1859.

Between 1862 and 1863 he made several trips to Europe and met Polina Súslova, a young student with whom he began a relationship, although she ended up leaving him. During his absence, "Weather", due to a political publication. This was joined by the death of his brother, and Dostoevsky was forced to take care of his widow and children. This plunged him into a deep depression that brought him back to the game.

In 1865 he began to write "Crime and Punishment”And two years later he married the stenographer Anna Snítkina. They had four children: Sonia, Liubov, Fyodor and Alexei; although the first died three months after birth.

Due mainly to Dostoyevsky addictions, his family never enjoyed a really comfortable economic position.

Fyodor Dostoyevsky died in Saint Petersburg on February 9, 1881. from pulmonary hemorrhage. On his tombstone could be read: "Truly, truly, I tell you that if the grain of wheat that falls on the earth does not die, it remains alone, but if it dies it produces much fruit", A verse from Saint John that also appears in what was his last novel:"The Karamazov brothers”.

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