Kurgan hypothesis: new information on the origin of languages

Kurgan hypothesis: new information on the origin of languages

Different international linguists have reached an agreement on the languages ​​and have stated that languages ​​such as English, Greek or even Hindi, known as Indo-European languages, They are direct descendants of a family of languages ​​that appeared from a common ancestor that was spoken thousands of years ago.

There have been countless studies on this subject and the latest one that has been carried out reveals some information about when and where its use was most likely. Linguists at the University of Berkeley, in the North American state of California, have used data from more than 150 different languages ​​to reveal that this ancient language originated between 6,500 and 5,500 years ago in the Caspian area, between Moldova and Ukraine approximately.

The magazine Language publishes this same month of March the analysis carried out where its authors, Will Chang, Chundra CathCart, Andrew Garret and David Hall stand out, which will allow everyone to know first-hand, and in depth, the information that is emerges from the study.

This belief in the origin of this ancestral language has been called the Kurgan Hypothesis, which proposes that Indo-European languages ​​were propagated with the evolution of animal husbandry, between 4,500 and 3,500 BC, although there is a parallel theory that ensures that it was much earlier, between 7,500 and 6,000 BC. in the province of Anatolia, in present-day Turkey.

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Investigator Will Chang came to examine more than 200 different word games, both related to life and death, especially in Indo-European languages ​​now extinct. He came to determine the speed with which the words were changing over time thanks to different statistical models. They concluded that the changes indicate that the languages ​​that first used these words became the first to diverge about 6,500 years ago, according to the Kurgan Hypothesis.

This is one of the first academic works based on the support of this hypothesis and also the first to use a special model that looks in a more direct way for the relationships that other civilizations that used different languages ​​maintained, or were able to do so. . Now a new investigation is planned with different study methods with which to analyze in depth the origin of other linguistic families such as Afro-Asian and Chinese-Tibetan.

After studying History at the University and after many previous tests, Red Historia was born, a project that emerged as a means of dissemination where you can find the most important news of archeology, history and humanities, as well as articles of interest, curiosities and much more. In short, a meeting point for everyone where they can share information and continue learning.


Video: PonticCaspian steppe