The Poker Texas Hold'em It is the best known and most played variety of poker in all games of the card game. But until this variant acquired its fame, poker had to go through many stages in history.
From the appearance of their suits, their extension to the new continent or their poker gambles crossing the Mississippi, let's review the unknown history of the best known variant of poker.
History of the origin of poker
On seed of the origin of poker there are different theories. Those that seem to have the greatest relevance are two: the one that He was born in China in 969 AD., derived from a card game that was played in the same way as dominoes and, which places its origin in Persia in the seventeenth century, in an old card game called As Nas that consisted of 25 cards of which 5 were dealt by each player.
From here the track disperses a bit though it seems clear that it came to Europe through the Middle East. The oldest decks have been found in Italy and surely from that country it spread to Spain, France and Germany.
Some data leads us to Il Frusso game, which was played in Italy in the s. XV and what then derived in the XVI in the game of The First. In the Renaissance, this game was developed in Spain under the name of Primero, calling Because in France and Poche in Germany.
The origin of the suits of the poker deck is not very specific either.. Some find their origin in the German deck, although the most widespread theories are that would evolve from the Spanish deck, where spades would be spades, clubs, hearts and gold diamonds.
The evolution of poker cards from the French tarot cards It is also another of the most supported theories, in this case the evolution would have been from coins, cups, swords and magic wands towards diamonds, hearts, spades and clubs.
Wherever its origin is, what is quite clear is that it was the English deck that spread throughout the world and the one came to our days through poker.
The seventeenth century had England on alert for the wars it had with France and Spain. Both acts of war brought the British country to the brink of ruin, so the king banned all foreign imports including playing cards.
England began to create its own deck using the French as an example, although with a much more austere design. Although both decks are very similar, in the gala there is greater detail in the representation of historical figures.
At first, the kings of the French deck represented emblematic characters as Charlemagne, David king of Israel, Julius Caesar emperor of Rome or Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia.
In the French Revolution the kings changed for historical figures such as Molière, Plato or Rousseau and, in the 19th century, the deck was filled with novel characters such as The Three Musketeers.
Although it was inspired by the French one, the English deck is the most widespread throughout the world, the one we now know and with which Texas Hold'em is played.
The expansion of Poker Texas Hold'em To united states
Its expansion through the United States is fixed in the 19th century on the great crossings along the Mississippi River, where poker was almost the only entertainment during the trip. That southern poker consisted of 20 cards and 4 players, who bet on who had the highest hand.
Poker increased in popularity in the United States in the wake of the Civil War, where the cards increased to 52 and, the figure of the joker and the different ways of playing poker such as Straight, five-card Stud and Draw appeared.
Before Texas Hold’em took its place as the most famous variant of poker, the most popular variant was called Five card draw, also known as the five card discard game, which is the one with which most begin to play poker. Its way of playing is simple: each player receives 5 cards and discards the ones they don't like to receive others; without seeing the cards of your opponents you must place your bet.
After the Second World War Las Vegas casinos began to develop and poker was presented as a most attractive game. At the end of the war and for 40 years the most popular variant was Caribbean Stud Poker, which is a game of poker that the player plays hand-in-hand with the dealer.
But Texas Hold'em, the variant that was born at the beginning of the century in the state of Texas in the city of Robstown and arrived in Dallas in 1925, was spread thanks to the hand of casino magnate Benny Binion, who came to Las Vegas after WWII to get rich.
Benny Binion invented the World Series of Poker in the 70s, the set of live poker tournaments most prestigious where Texas Hold'em is played. This tournament was the main cause that this variant spread like wildfire and acquired its current fame throughout the world and, now, also thanks to the work of online poker rooms.
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