In a study recently published in the International Journal of Paleopathology, Dr. J. María Toyne, a physical anthropologist and also a professor at the University of Central Florida, has explained that various researchers have discovered one of the first examples of bone surgery in pre-Columbian Peru.
The bones found whose antiquity is dated between the years 800 and 1535, show several evidences of having been subjected to some drilling techniques, something similar to what was done on the head with the well-known trepanations. According to the researchers, this could show that it was done to treat an infection on the inside of the leg.
Trepanations They can be seen in many aspects of a large number of different cultures and their roots could lead us directly to the Neolithic. It is claimed that it could be a completely abnormal behavior in many people, something that was caused by "bad spirits”Although also for different conditions such as mental disorders, seizures or migraines among others.
Various scholars on the subject have stated that many of the ancient texts that have to do with some part of the history of Peru, They talked about the different abilities that indigenous healers had, who had great knowledge about the human body as well as dealing with diseases, injuries, complex medical treatments, etc.
Likewise, according to various findings, it has been shown that at that time they already had the knowledge and ability to perform surgical interventions of a certain complexity and to be able to finish them successfully, which is really surprising, especially for today's medical community.
The two skeletons that were found in Peru belonged to men, an adolescent and another with an age between approximately 30 and 34 years. According to the tests they were subjected to, the results revealed that they were apparently healthy.
Despite this point, both the depth and the location of the orifices were further studied, suggesting that the surgeries were performed to relieve the pressure of an injury or infection that caused an abnormal retention of fluid in one of his legs. .
What is not known is whether they were done during the time the patient was infected, if the patient died during surgery, or if they were done post-mortem to study the condition itself, but the evidence shows that this kind of procedure was already practiced. interventions can already be treated as irrefutable.
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